Branch Museums (S-Z)

Click the branch museum name to view the details:

Salar

    The Salar nation has a population of 100,000 and live mostly in Xunhua Salar Autonomous County, Qinghai Province. They have their own language which is the the Turkic group of the Altaic language family, but no script. They believe in Islam. Their major festivals include Id al-Fitr, Id al-Adha, and Mawlid.

    Salar people engaged in Agriculture. Courtyard planting is widely spread. Chili and pepper are the two specialties in Salar inhabit regions. Their staple food is wheaten food.
 

The Museum

    Salar Museum comprises traditional hedge building and minaret in the mosque. The entire museum is like a courtyard. It was removed from Xunhua Salar Autonomous County, Qinghai in 2003 and was restored in Beijing. The building itself is the heritage of the late Ming Dynasty and has a history of approximately 500 years.

    The residential building is earth-wooden structured with two-stories and flat roof. The minaret is three-storied with kiosk style in Ming Dynasty. All the objects exhibited in the museum are original and arranged according to the local custom. The museum covers a total area of 520 square meters and floor area of 407 square meters.

 

She

    She has a population about 710,000 and lives mainly in Jingning area, Zhejiang province and Fuan area, Fujian province. They have their own language which belongs to Miao-Yao Language group of Chinese-Tibetan Language Family, but there is no written system to accompany it.

    She people engaged in agriculture and sidelined with forestry and hunting.

    Traditional Festivals include Relative Gathering Festival, Black Rice Festival, Solider Recruitment Festival, Dragon Granting Festival and Rhyme Fair.

    Traditional Entertainments: epopee, mixed singing, dragon head dance and Tea Service Dancing.

    Traditional food: black rice, Jianshi dumpling (made of glutinous rice wrapped in reed leaves), glutinous rice cake, dried bamboo shoots and tea.

    Traditional sport: She boxing, stirring arrows, mountain climbing, bamboo climbing and water skiing.

    She people worship of ancestor and celestial.

 

The Museum

    She Museum is one of the class A cultural relics in Chinese Ethnic Museum. It comprises an original dwelling of She from Anqing, Fujian province and a corridor bridge from Jingning, Zhejiang province. The dwelling and the bridge are relics of Qing Dynasty and was built in 1766 AD and 1696 AD respectively. They were removed and rebuilt in Beijing. The museum covers a land area of 2200 square meters and floor area of 849 square meters. The museum commenced construction in 2005 and was open to the public in June 2006.

    This museum is designed according to a village of She nation. It comprises traditional Lei’s Family residential house, Corridor Bridge (Chatang Bridge) and oil extracting room. The vegetation and agricultural crops are arranged in accordance with local ecological environment. All the exhibits are replicated in their original dimension. They are collected from provinces of Fujian and Zhejiang and can date back to Qing Dynasty, about three hundred years ago.

Sui

Sui nationality lives mainly in Sandu area, Guizhou province with a population around 400,000. The national language belongs to the Dong-Shui branch, the Zhuang-Dong group of the Chinese-Tibetan language family. There is an ancient script system exist called "Shui Text". The script system has only more than 100 characters that used for religious activities only.
 
The Sui people is mainly engaged in agriculture and sidelined with forestry.
 
Traditional festivals: the Spring Festival, the Water God Sacrifice Day, the Goddess Sacrifice Day and etc.
 
Traditional songs and dances: bronze drum dance, bullfight dance, Lusheng dance, antiphonal singing, solo singing, impromptu singing, ballad and etc.
 
Traditional food: fish with chives stuffing, sour broth, boiled fish, wine and etc.
 
Traditional athletics: horse racing, bullfighting, fish fighting and etc.
 
Sui people believe in animist and worship of polytheists.
 

Sui Museum: The museum is exact replica of traditional dwellings in the Sandu area of Guizhou province. The building components were made by local craftsmen in Guizhou according to the national customs and construction technology and shipped to Beijing for final construction. The building work was started in 1999 and the museum was open to the public in September 2001.
 
The Sui museum consists of traditional wood houses that the doors are open to the middle, south and north respectively. There are also a village gate, barn and corn terraced fields. The planning of the museum is designed a mountain village environment and the vegetation is grown according to local climate. The museum has construction area of 546 square meters, terrace area of 1150 square meters, cobblestone streets 30 meters. They covers an ground area of 2,006 square meters.
 
The indoor and outdoor display of Sui museum is life settings of original production of life of Sui people. The exhibits are collected from Sandu area of Guizhou province which cover a time span from the Qing Dynasty (1616-1911) to modern times, about three hundred years of history.
 

Tatar

Tatar nationality is mainly distributed in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region with a population of around 5,000. The national language belongs to the Turkic group, of the Altaic language. The script system is Arabic alphabet based. The Tatar people believe in Islam.
 
Traditional festivals: Eid ul-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Saban Festival, Gourd Festival and etc.
 
Traditional food: Yubaidia, Yitebailixi, buttered crisp chicken, fruit jam and etc.
 
Traditional songs and dances: love songs, praise songs, working dance, festival dance, hunting dance and etc.
 
Traditional athletics: race, the pole climbing and etc.

 

          

 

The Tatar Museum is exact replica of traditional dwellings in Ill area of Xinjiang. The building was built by local craftsmen according to the national customs and traditional construction technology. The construction work started in 2008 and the museum was open to the public in the same year.
 
Tatar Museum consists of three main rooms, a storage room, kitchen porch and outer corridor. The building complex is arranged in a family residential courtyard environment. The vegetation is cultivated according to local climate. The museum has a construction area of 113 square meters that covers a ground area of 300 square meters.
 
The indoor and outdoor displays of Tatar Museum are live settings according to the original production and lifestyle of Tatar. All exhibits are collected from Ill area of Xinjiang. They cover a time span from late Qing Dynasty (1616-1911) to modern times, about two hundred years of history.
 

 

Tujia

    Tujia has a population about 802,000 and live mainly in Hunan province. They have their own language which belongs to Chinese- Tibetan Language Family but no written system to accompany it.

    Tujia engaged in agriculture and their brocade “Xi Lan Ka Pu” is one of the five well-known brocades in China.

    Traditional Festivals: Gannian Festival, Sheba Festival, Tujia Girls Fair(known as the Eastern Valentine's Day), May 8 and June 6.

    Traditional Food: Glutinous rice, cured meat, oil tea, soybean soup, rice cake and sit-ping wine (Zajiu liquor).

    Traditional Entertainment: hand-waving song, hand-waving dance, eight treasures copper bell dance, Mao Goose and local mask drama.

    Tujia people believe in ancestor and polytheism.

 

        

    Tujia Museum is the exact replica of traditional Tujia residential house in Yongshun area, west of Hunan province. The building components were made by local craftsmen and transported to Beijing for completion. It covers a land area of 3,158 square meters and floor area of 1,400 square meters. The museum commenced construction in 2000 and was open to the public in September 2001.

    This museum comprises stilted house, stilted house lean on the side of mountain, L shaped stilted house, hands waving house, hands waving yard, village gate and oil extraction house. The vegetation and agricultural crops are arranged in accordance with local ecological environment. All the exhibits are arranged in their original life settings. They are collected from west of Hunan province and can date back to Qing Dynasty, about four hundred years ago.

Tu

With a population of 240,000, Tu people mainly live in Huzhu Autonomous County in Qinghai province. Their language belongs to the Mongolian group of the Altaic language family. No script system preserved.
 
Tu is mainly engaged in agriculture and sidelined in animal husbandry.
 
Traditional festivals: Nadun Festival, Amitayurbhavana-sutra gathering, sprout praying, the martial contests.
 
Traditional songs and dances: wedding dance, Balang drum dance, Anzhao dance, Yutu dance.
 
Traditional food: unleavened pancake, niangpi, baked cakes, barley wine, tea.
 
Tu people worship of nature and believe in the Tibetan Buddhism.

Tu Museum:
 
Tu museum is exact replica of traditional resident of Tu in Huzhe Autonomous County in Qinghai province. The building was built by the folk craftsmen according to the traditional customs and construction technology. The building work was started in 2007 and the museum was open to the public in April 2008.
 
The museum consists of main rooms, side rooms, incense burner, courtyard, wheel swing. The buildings are arranged in a courtyard layout. The crop and vegetation are grown according to local climate. The building covers an ground area of 1,350 square meters with the construction area of 534.65 square meters, courtyard 130 square meters, water mill 150 square meters,.
 
The interior furnishings of the museum are arranged according to the traditional production and lifestyle. The exhibits are collected from Huzhu area in Qinghai province. They cover a time span from the Qing Dynasty (1616-1911) to modern times, about three hundred years of history.

Va

    With a population of 390,000, Va people mainly live in Awa Mountain area between Lancang River and Saerwen River, Yunnan Province. They have their own language which belongs to the Va-De’ang branch, the Indonesian group of the Austro-Asiatic language family. There is no writing language.

    Va mainly engaged in primitive farming. They worship nature and their supreme dictator muyiji.

    Va are the only ethnic group that has brown skin among the 56 nationalities in China. They used to consider that black teeth and red lips are beautiful. One of their customs is chewing areca-nut.

    The major festivals of Va are Lamugu (Wood Drum Playing) Festival, Bianke Festival, New Rice Festival and Praying New Water Festival.
 

 

            

The Museum

    Va Museum is the exact replica of the traditional houseboat from Cangyuan, houseboat from Ximeng, wood drum house, storehouse, Wood Drum Square, village gate, the ox head stakes and appliance house. The village gate, storehouse and appliance house are original buildings that moved from local village and restored in the new site.

    The exhibits inside and outside the museum building are arranged according to traditional means of production and way of living. All the exhibits are collected from Cangyuan and Ximeng area. They can be dated back to Qing Dynasty, about two hundred years ago.

    The museum covers a total area of 2,047 square meters and floor area of 378 square meters. The Wood Drum Square covers a total area of 278 square meters.

    Va museum was completed in 1993 and was open to the public in June 1994.

 

Tajik

The Tajik nationality mainly lives in the Tashkurgan area of Xinjiang Autonomous Region with a population around 41,000. The national language belongs to the Pamir branch, Iranian group of the Indo-European language family. No script system preserved. The Tajik people believes in Islam.
 
The Tajik nationality mainly engaged in stock farming and sidelined in agriculture.
 
Traditional festivals: the Lantern Festival, the Spring Festival, the Diversion Festival and etc.
 
Traditional songs and dances: the eagle flute, the eagle dance, music, goat dragging music and etc.
 
Traditional food: milk porridge, milk flour slice, flour with milk and butter, baked cakes cooked with butter, milk tea and etc.
 
Traditional athletics: goat dragging, goat bone breaking, polo, mounted shooting and etc.

The museum is exact replica of traditional dwellings in Tashkurgan area, Xinjiang Autonomous Region. The building components were made by local craftsmen according to the national customs and traditional architectural technology and shipped to Beijing for final construction. The building work was started in 1999 and the museum was opened to the public in 2001.
 
The museum consists of Pamiri House, storeroom, gate and barn. They are arranged in a courtyard environment. The vegetation is grown according to local climate. The museum has a construction area of 318 square meters that covers a ground area of 1,454 square meters.The indoor and outdoor display of the museum is life settings of Tajik traditional production and lifestyle. The exhibits are collected from Tashkurgan area in Xinjiang. They cover a time span from the Qing Dynasty (1616-1919) to modern times, about three hundred years of history.

 

 

 

Uygur

    Uygur has a population of 8,000,000 and live mainly in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. They have their own language which belongs to the Turkic group of Altaic language family and there is a scripting system for the language.

    Uygur engaged in agriculture, cotton planting, gardening and animal husbandry. Grape and Hami melon (a variety of muskmelon) are their specialties.

    Traditional Festivals: Corban Festival, Eid Al Fitr, Nuoruz Festival and Balati Festival.

    Traditional Entertainment: Salim, duolan dance, maxrap, 12 Muqam, duolan rawap and dutaer.

    Traditional Food: roasted whole lamb, mutton kabab, fried rice, nang-bread, sumsa, spicy chicken and pulled noodles (square noodles in tomato sauce).

    Uygur people believe in Islam.
 

 

The Museum

    Uygur Museum is the exact replica of traditional Uygur residential house in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomy Region. The building components were made by local craftsmen according to local convention and transported to Beijing for completion. All the construction materials are transported from Kashi, Xingjiang. It covers a land area of 8,732 square meters and floor area of 3,820 square meters. The museum commenced construction in 1999 and was open to the public in September 2001.

    The museum is designed to revive the living environment in south, north and east of Xinjiang. It comprises Ili residence, Turpan residence, Kashgar high platform residence, Kashgar high platform residence for pottery makers, Hotan residence, rubbing brick mosques in Kashgar, Sugong Tower, Bazaar (local market street), the grape valley, the Blaze Mountain and pasture land in Tianshan Mountain. The vegetation and crops are arranged in accordance with local ecological environment. All the exhibits are arranged in accordance with their original settings. They are collected from Xinjiang Autonomous Region and can be dated back to Song Dynasty, about five hundred years ago.
 

Uzbek

With a population about 1.24 million, Uzbek people live in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The Uzbek language belongs to the Turkic group and Altaic language family. Both script system of Uighur or Kazak are used. Uzbek people believe in the Islam.
 
The majority of Uzbek people engaged in commerce, handicrafts. Some of the Uzbek people living in northern Xinjiang engaged in animal husbandry.
 
Traditional festivals: Nowruz, mawlid al-Nabi, the Id al-fitr, Corban and Sumalak.
 
Traditional cuisine: rice sausages, lung sausages, pilaf, potato stew and milk tea.
 
Traditional song and dance: narrative folk songs, meshrep, hand-drum dance, bell dance and baxie dance.
 
The traditional athletic: wood stick hiting, horse racing, goat dragging and wrestling.

 

Uzbek Museum
 
The main building is a traditional Uzbek yurt that was exact replica of Uzbek yurt and lately replace by brick structure. The museum is open to the public since 2009.
 
Uzbek Museum consists of yurts, grasslands. The planning is designed as a pasture environment and the vegetation is arranged according to the local climate. The construction area of the museum is 28.26 square meters that covers an ground area of 200 square meters.
 
The indoor and outdoor displays of the museum is arranged according to the Uzbek traditional production, lifestyle. All exhibits are collected from Xinjiang. They cover a time span about a hundred years of history.

 

Xibe

    Xibe has a population of 180,000 and live mainly in northeast China and Qapqal Xibe Autonomous County, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. They have their own language which belongs to the Manch-Tungus group of Altaic language family. Their written system was adapted from Manchu in 1947.

    Main Engagements Xibe includes hunting and fishing. The people live in Qapqal area are engaged in agriculture and sidelined with animal husbandry.

    Traditional Festivals: West-Moving Festival, Blacken Festival, Earth Worship Festival and Star Worship Festival.

    Traditional Food: hatehunsuji(assorted vegetables), milk granule, pickled fish and complete mutton feast.

    Traditional Entertainment: field song, Saman dance, Hunting Dance, pouch dance and tabour dance.

    Traditional Sports: archery, dawa and playing gelaha.

    Xibe people worship their ancestors. They also believe in Saman religion and Lama Buddhism.

 

          

The Museum

    Xibe Museum is the exact replica of traditional Xibe residential house in Qapqal Xibe Autonomous County, Ili Prefecture of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The building components were made by local craftsmen and transported to Beijing for completion. It covers a land area of 693.72 square meters and floor area of 189.72 square meters. The museum commenced construction in November 2007 and was open to the public in 2008.

    The museum is designed in form of a courtyard and comprises central room, eastern wing, western wing, storage room, vegetable shed and animal shed. The vegetation and crops are arranged in accordance with local ecological environment. Layouts of all the exhibits are presented in the way of traditional live and production of Xibe people. They are collected from Qapqal, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and can be dated back to Qing Dynasty, about two hundred years ago.

Yi

Yi people are mainly distributed in the provinces of Yunan, Guizhou and Sichuan. The population is around 7,760,000. The national language belongs to the Yi branch, the Tibetan-Burmese group of the Chinese-Tibetan language family. The script of Yi language is known as Nuosu-bburma.

 
Yi is mainly engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry in mountainous area. The lacquer ware making has a long history.
 
Traditional festivals: the torch festival, Yi New Year, Mizhi festival, dress show festival, flower arrangement festival and etc.
 
Traditional songs and dances: Axi dance in the moonlight, tage dance, bonfire dance and Pashandiao, marriage song and etc.
 
Traditional food: straw wine drinking, dancing cuisine and tuotuo meat.
 
Traditional sports: wrestling, horse racing, bullfighting, wheel swing and etc.
 
Yi people worship of ancestors, animist and believe in ghosts.
 

          

The Yi Museum is exact replica of traditional Yi dwellings in Liangshan are of Sichuan province. The building components were made local by craftsmen according to national customs and traditional architectural technology. These components were shipped with other raw materials from Liangshan to Beijing for final construction. The building work started in 1993 and the museum open to the public since June 1994.
 
The museum consists of residence in different style, namely, Meigu, West Yue, Butuo and Ganluo in Liangshan area. There are also watchtower, amotolo stone, earth forest, the bullring for torch festival, village gate and etc. All the buildings were planned for Yi mountain village environment. The crops such as rapeseed and buckwheat are grown here and vegetation are arranged according to local climate. The Yi museum has construction area of 1,100 square meters that covers a ground area of 5,460 square meters.
 
The indoor and outdoor displays of the museum are life settings of traditional production, lifestyle of Yi people. All the exhibits are collected from Liangshan area in Sichuan province, which cover a time span from the Qing Dynasty (1616-1911) to modern times, about four hundred years of history.

Tibetan

Tibetan are mainly distributed in Tibetan Autonomous Region, Qinghai province and other areas, a population of approximately 5.42 million. Tibetan language is belongs to the Tibetan branch, the Tibetan-Burmese group of the Chinese-Tibetan language family. There is written system preserved.
 
Tibetan is mainly engaged in animal husbandry, agriculture. Yak feeding is popular.
 
Traditional festivals: Tibetan New Year, Ongkar Festival, Sho Dun Festival, Butter Lantern Festival, Incense Festival and etc.
 
Traditional song and dance: Gesar, Sgor-Gzhas, Reba, Qamdo opera and other Tibetan operas.
 
Traditional food: roasted barley flour, blood sausage, dried meat, butter tea, barley wine, yogurt and etc. 
 
Traditional games: Race yak, Eerduo, wrestling, throwing, tug of war, archery.
 
Tibetans believe in Tibetan Buddhism and nature worship.

             

Tibetan Museum is exact replica or partial restoration of Tibetan traditional buildings in Lhasa and Kham regions, Tibet. The building components were made local by Tibetan craftsmen according to the national traditions and customs. They were shipped to Beijing for final construction. The building work was started in 1992 and open to the public in June 1994.

The Tibetan Museum is composed by the pilgrimage road, Mandala temple, the Jokhang Temple, Kamba houses, the Barkhor Street, the prayer wheel corridor, incense burner, the Marnyi flagpole, the Linka Gardens and grassland in northern Tibet. It presented the Lhasa city and the pastoral environment of Qinghai-Tibetan plateau. The vegetation is also arranged according to the local climate. The museum has a building area of 2,850 square meters which covers an ground area of 20,000 square meters.

The indoor and outdoor displays of Tibetan museum are live settings of traditional production and lifestyle in Tibet. All exhibits are collected from Lhasa, Tibet and the Aba region in Sichuan. They cover the era from the Qing Dynasty (1616-1911) to modern times, about four hundred years of history.

Yugur

    With a population of 13,700, Yugur people live in the Yugur Autonomous County in south of Gansu Province and other places. Yugur people are engaged in animal husbandry and skilled in riding and shooting. The language of Western Yugur belongs to the Turkic group  of the Altaic language family whilst the Eastern Yugur belongs to the Mongolian group of the Altaic language family. The major festivals observed are Spring Festival, June Pageant and etc. Yugur people is belief in the Tibetan Buddhism.
 
 

Museum Building

    Yugur yurts, tents and grasslands.
 

The Exhibition

    The life settings in Yugur yurts, the photo gallery of Yugur style.
 

Folk Activities

    Yugur dancec and songs.

 

Zhuang

With a population of 16,178,800, Zhuang people live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and other places. Zhuang is the most populous ethnic group in China. They mainly engaged in farming and sidelined with hunting, fishing and handicrafts. Zhuang language belongs to the the Zhuang-Dai branch, the Zhuang-Dong group of the Chinese-Tibetan language family. The most important festival of Zhuang is the Third of March by lunar calendar. Zhuang people believes in primitive religion, Buddhism or Taoism.
 
 

The Museum

The museum building complex consist of Jingxi style adobe-wooden houses for Southern Zhuang, the Jingxi style town houses for Southern Zhuang, Longsheng style houses on stilts for North Zhuang, water teahouse, headmen mansion of Xincheng and etc.
 

The Exhibits

Live settings of dwellings of Southern Zhuang, Live settings of dwellings of North Zhuang and Zhuang customs photo exhibition.
 

Folk Activities

The Third of March folk activities, antiphonal singing, boating, woven zhuang style brocade, Zhuang dance and songs, commodities trading of products from Guangxi and etc.

 

Yao

With a population of 2,637,400, Yao mainly distributed in the provinces of Hunan, Guangdong, Yunnan, Guizhou, Jiangxi and the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. There are many distinct groups within the Yao nationality. The Yao people used to engaged in mountain farming and has now settled in. They mainly engaged in the agriculture, hunting and gathering. They are also proficient in weaving and embroidery. Yao language belongs to the Yao branch, the Miao-Yao group of the Chinese-Tibetan language family. The most important festival observed is the Panwang festival. Yao people believe in primitive religion and Taoism.
 
 

Museum Architecture

The museum consists of Yao wood dwellings of red Yao style in Longsheng area, earth-wood structure dwellings of pan Yao style in Jinxiu area, brick-timber structure dwellings of Chashan Yao style in Jinxiu area and Yao square.
 

The exhibitions

Life settings of red Yao residence, pan Yao residence, Chashan Yao residence and photo gallery of Yao.
 

Folk activities

Folk activities of Panwang festival, embroidery, Yao dance and etc.