Gaoshan Nationality in Brief

Chinese Phonetic Alphabet (Pinyin): gāo shān

English Translation1: Gaoshan

Population & Distribution2: Total population is 4,009, mainly distributed in the area of Taiwan Province and Fujian Province. Taiwan minorities are called Gaoshan in general terms, which include nine ethnic minorities, namely, Ami, Atayal, Paiwan, Bunun, Lukai, Puyuma, Zou, Saisiat, and Yam.

Spoken and Written Language: The ethnic groups in Taiwan have their language which belongs to the Indonesian group of the Malay-Polynesian language family. There are 13 sub-groups which belong to 3 branches, namely, Atayal, Cao and Paiwan. No writing system preserved.

Major Industry: Taiwan minorities engaged in agricultural production and sidelined by fishing or hunting.

Religious Belief: Gaoshan people belief in polytheism and worship the nature or their ancestors.

Traditional Festivals: The peace worship, ancestor worship, harvest festival, the hunting festival, dwarf spirit worship, flying fish worship and etc.

Traditional Diet: Cereal and yam are major food supply. Wine drinking and chewing betel nuts are also popular.

Traditional Folk Art: Dance of worship, dance of wine, hand by hand dance, pestle dance, hair dance, mouth string dance and bamboo stick dance.

Traditional Sports: Jump bamboo pole, ball stabbing, the pack basket ball, swing, throwing whipping top and so on.

Traditional arts and crafts: Textiles, bamboo rattan, wood cutting, carving, ceramics and etc.

Note 1: The English names of nationalities are compiled according to the usage of the Internet and written materials.

Note 2: The distribution of ethnic population and regions is cited from the computer aggregated data of the 2010 census of China.

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