Mongol Nationality in Brief

Chinese Phonetic Alphabet (Pinyin): měng gǔ

English Translation1: Mongol

Population & Distribution2: Total population is 5,981,840, mainly distributed in the area of Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region, Liaoning Province, Jilin Province, Hebei Province, Heilongjiang Province and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.

Spoken and Written Language: The Mongolian language belongs to the Mongolian group of the Altaic language family. Writing system is preserved.

Major Industry: Mongolian mainly engaged in the livestock industry and leads a nomadic live.

Religious Belief: Mongolian people believe the Shamanism and Tibetan Buddhism.

Traditional Festivals: Naadam, the Baijie (Mongolian New Year), the Obo Festival, Mare's Milk Festival and so on.

Traditional Diet: Roasted whole lamb, boiled lamb, dried milk cake, urum, Mongolian dumpling, milk tea and so on.

Traditional Folk Art: Hoomii, wedding song, maggot bowl dance, chopstick dance, Andai dance, etc.

Traditional sports: Wrestling, horse racing, archery, camel racing, and so on.

Note 1: The English names of nationalities are compiled according to the usage of the Internet and written materials.

Note 2: The distribution of ethnic population and regions is cited from the computer aggregated data of the 2010 census of China.​

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