Miao

The Miao are mainly distributed in Guizhou province and other regions, has a population of around 7,400,000. The national language belongs to the Miao branch, the Miao-Yao group of the Chinese-Tibetan language family. No script preserved.
 
Traditional festivals: The Miao New Year, the April Eighth festival, Dragon Boat Festival, Flower Mountain Festival and the Sisters Meals festival.
 
Traditional food: sour soup, sour fish, fish sauce, dog meat soup pot, oil tea and others.
 
Traditional songs and Dances: Lusheng dance, wood drum dance, bench dance, fly tone, ancient songs and etc.
 
Traditional athletics: climb knife pole, jump into seas of flames and bullfight.
 
Religion: Miao worship of ancestors and nature, believe in the ghosts.
 

 

About the Miao Museum
The Museum is the exact replica of traditional Miao building in southeastern part of Guizhou province. The building components were made by local craftsmen and transported to Beijing for completion. It covers a land area of 4,200 square meters and floor area of 871 square meters. The museum was completed in 1993 and was open to the public in June 1994.
 
The museum comprises the building partially on stilts built by Shui Miao (Water Miao, a branch of Miao nation) and Shan Miao (Mountain Miao, another branch of Miao nation), tea house on stilts, silver shop on stilts, copper-drum yard, the tobacco baking house, the bench bridge, mill(water-driven) house, village gate and granary. The vegetation and crops are arranged in accordance with local ecological environment. The museum has building area of 1,418.08 square meters, the cover the ground area of 4,200 square meters.
 
All the exhibits are life settings. They are collected from Guizhou province and can date back to Qing Dynasty (1616-1911), about four hundred years of history.