Tujia has a population about 802,000 and live mainly in Hunan province. They have their own language which belongs to Chinese- Tibetan Language Family but no written system to accompany it.

    Tujia engaged in agriculture and their brocade “Xi Lan Ka Pu” is one of the five well-known brocades in China.

    Traditional Festivals: Gannian Festival, Sheba Festival, Tujia Girls Fair(known as the Eastern Valentine's Day), May 8 and June 6.

    Traditional Food: Glutinous rice, cured meat, oil tea, soybean soup, rice cake and sit-ping wine (Zajiu liquor).

    Traditional Entertainment: hand-waving song, hand-waving dance, eight treasures copper bell dance, Mao Goose and local mask drama.

    Tujia people believe in ancestor and polytheism.



    Tujia Museum is the exact replica of traditional Tujia residential house in Yongshun area, west of Hunan province. The building components were made by local craftsmen and transported to Beijing for completion. It covers a land area of 3,158 square meters and floor area of 1,400 square meters. The museum commenced construction in 2000 and was open to the public in September 2001.

    This museum comprises stilted house, stilted house lean on the side of mountain, L shaped stilted house, hands waving house, hands waving yard, village gate and oil extraction house. The vegetation and agricultural crops are arranged in accordance with local ecological environment. All the exhibits are arranged in their original life settings. They are collected from west of Hunan province and can date back to Qing Dynasty, about four hundred years ago.