Gaoshan

Taiwan minorities are called Gaoshan in general terms, which include nine ethnic minorities, namely, Ami, Atayal, Paiwan, Bunun, Lukai, Puyuma, Zou, Saisiat, and Yam. Total population of these ethnic groups is about 450,000. The ethnic groups in Taiwan have their language which belongs to the Indonesian group of the Austro-Asiatic language family. There are 13 sub-groups which belong to 3 branches, namely, Atayal, Cao and Paiwan. No writing system preserved.

Taiwan minorities engaged in agricultural production and supplemented by fishing or hunting. Arts and crafts are mainly textiles, bamboo rattan, wood cutting, carving, ceramics and etc.

Traditional festivals: the peace worship, ancestor worship, harvest festival, the hunting festival, dwarf spirit worship, flying fish worship and etc.

The traditional song and dance: dance of worship, dance of wine, hand by hand dance, pestle dance, hair dance, mouth string dance and bamboo stick dance.

Traditional food: cereal and yam major food supply. Wine drinking and chewing betel nuts are also popular.

Gaoshan people belief in polytheism and worship the nature or their ancestors.

Museum of minority nationalities in Taiwan composed of nine villages that symbolize the environment of minority community in Taiwan Island. The villages are exact replica of traditional buildings of Gaoshan. The branch museum was founded in 1992 and open to the public in June 1994.

Ami, Atayal, Paiwan, Bunun, Lukai, Puyuma, Zou, Saisiat, and Yam
Museum of minority nationalities in Taiwan was built by minority craftsmen according to their traditional customs and construction technology. It consists of traditional dwellings for Ami, Paiwan and Yam. There are also featured buildings of: the Atayal watchtowers, commander station and cereal stock of Lukai, barton of Puyuma, club of Zou, head skeleton of Zou, boat house of Yam, water stage of Bunun, fisher of Yam, carving of Paiwan and the bridge for boat summer contest. The planning of the building site was designed in a combination of mountain, plain and gulf environment. It covers an area of about 6,000 square meters and the construction area is about 600 square meters.

Indoor and outdoor displays of the museum of minority nationalities in Taiwan are live settings of traditional production and lifestyle of Gaoshan people. Exhibit items are collected from countryside of Taiwan islands. The time span of the collection covers from Qing Dynasty (1368-1663) to modern times, about three hundred years of history.