Manchu

With a population of 10,682,300, Manchu people mainly distributed in the three provinces in northeast China, namely, Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang. There are also some people live in the large cities in central China such as Beijing, Tianjin and etc. Manchu ancestors engaged in fishing and hunting, and farming is gradually become their major industry and fishery and animal husbandry turned to be sidelines. Manchu have their own language which belongs to the Manchu branch, the Manch-Tungus group of the Altaic language family. The Manchu script system was established by the end of the 16th century and had become the official language in the Qing Dynasty (1616-1911). There are large number of historical documents in Manchu language exist. Manchu people believe in shamanism and worship of ancestors. 
 
Manchu nation unified China and established the Qing Dynasty in the mid-17th century to the early 20th century.
 
Manchu people are skilled in hunting and expeditions. They are good in singing and dancing. They honor their elders and etiquette rules.
 
Traditional festivals: the Spring Festival, Lantern Festival, Granary Filling Festival, Insects Sacrifice Day, the Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival and Banjin (Vitality) Festival.
 
Traditional folk art: octagonal drum, Manchu drama and ulabun.
 
Traditional song and dance: Shaman ritual dance, banquet dance, palace dance, folk songs and dances.
 
Traditional diet: Man-Han Banquet, cake, hot pot, white meat with blood sausage, sour soup and sachima (candied rice fritter).
 
The traditional athletic: pearl ball, Manchu football, playing gongs, playing stone lock, wrestling and etc.
 

 

 

Manchu Museum: The museum was built in the form of palace-style hall in Qing Dynasty (1616-1911) called tanghuangzi. It has construction area of 482 square meters and covers a ground area of 2,000 square meters. The building was designed by the experts from the Institute for Ancient Architecture and the building work was carried on by the professional ancient ethnic architecture construction team. The construction work was started in March 2007 and completed in June 2008. The building complex consists of the shrine for gods, the shrine for the heaven, the hall of esteem for the god, Jinmen (halberd door) and etc. The indoor and outdoor displays are sponsored by the Ethnic and Religious Affairs Commission of Chengde City, Hebei Province.